Where is Jhabua?

Jhabua is a district town of Madhya Pradesh, 150 km from Indore. It is located at the boundary area of Gujrat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Jhabua-Alirajpur belt has a tribal population of 1.5 million*-mainly Bhil tribe with subtribes Bhilada and Pateliya.


Looking back in time

Few decades ago the region was rich in natural resources and colorful cultural diversity. In notion of material development this region witnessed excessive deforestation. Consequently, the ecosystem of sustainable living got disturbed. The loss of habitat left tribal with a lot of problems and agony. The region witness rainfall which doesn’t suffice the need for water in other seasons for farming. In the lack of regular source of income; around 40000 under debt farmer families migrate every year to ensure existence. This migration leads to several subsequent problems for health, education, loss of social and cultural diversities.


Knowing the tribals

Bhils are traditionally very skilled archers-they relate themselves to Eklavya. All the practices & traditions(e.g. Dirha, Halma) of Bhil empowers community participation, connection with nature and its preservation-very much evident from terms like Jamimata, Matavan, Babadev. Bhils worship deities like Sitlamata, Vaghdev as well Hindu deities like Bholababa-Parvati mata Ganesh & Kartikey. There are 45 surnames of Bhils, each one of them corresponds to one of panch tatva, the title makes them the protector of that entity


Distress of Bhils

With plenty of natural resources, Jhabua has enough resources for a healthy living. Still, tribal people have to leave their land and family in search of livelihood. ‘Majdoori’ is not a problem but ‘Madoori ki Majboori’ is the problem.o experience, learn and contribute to development of Rural India

Economic Exploitation

Every tribal family has a loan as high as 10 lakhs.

Water Crisis

In Jhabua due to undulating land and deforestation, there is high water runoff, thus water crisis. People travel as far as 5 km to get drinking water.

Seasonal Agriculture

With lots of rocks and sloping terrain, the soil of Jhabua is challenging for agriculture. Water crisis limits the cultivation period to just 4-6 months a year.


Tribal people being ‘Vanvasi’ are experts in making sustainable use of forests resources. However, the exploitation and hence depletion of forests resources still continues.

Lost Traditions

Reducing demands of traditional products aided in fading traditional knowledge. Lack of basic amenities like Health Clinics, Road, Banks etc in rural Jhabua makes life harder.

Festivsls and Traditions

The land of Jhabua is enriched with various cultures and traditions. The tribals keep on organizing various events through out year like ‘Kanwad Yatra’, ‘Ganesh Pooja’ which involves community participation and interaction among various age-groups.


Halma is an ancient tradition of Bhil tribe for coming together to make something happen. People of Jhabua used to come together to help a person or family in distress with the feeling of selflessness.


‘Matawan’ literally means ‘forests of Mother’-mother here signifies the Mother Earth. This is a traditional term used by Bhils for specially protected forest areas where tribal do not cut trees in any case.


Bhagoria is a festive celebration of 10 days, parallel with Holi, in which people gather, meet, sing & dance together. This is a time when cultivation season ends and farmers bring ‘Rabi’ harvest in their home.

Kanwad Yatra

It is held in the Srawan month of Hindu calendar, this is organised to develop leadership in youths.


‘Matawan’ literally means ‘forests of Mother’-mother here signifies the Mother Earth. This is a traditional term used by Bhils for specially protected forest areas where tribal do not cut trees in any case.

Gaiti Yatra

Gaiti Yatra’ holds a special place for the tribals because it showcases Gaiti, the spade or mattock used by these tribal farmers, as a weapon of change.


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Shivganga is registered under Madhya Pradesh Society Registration Adiniyam 1973
Registration number – 03/27/03/10295/07
IT Exemption U/S 80G,
F.No. CIT-I/Ind/Tech/80G/08/09-10, Dated 24/12/2009, Sl.No. 51/2009-10
Valid from 01/04/09, Extended from AY 2022-23 to AY 2023-24 with
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